April 23, 2009 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Media under attack one month after new president installed MadagascarAfrica Help by sharing this information MadagascarAfrica November 27, 2020 Find out more Reports Follow the news on Madagascar Reporters Without Borders strongly condemns the return of censorship to Madagascar in the form of orders to the state-owned media not to cover opposition demonstrations. The press freedom organisation is also worried by the closure of Radio Mada, a station that supports former President Marc Ravalomanana, and acts of vandalism against other pro-Ravalomanana media.”Already badly hit by the crisis that lasted from December 2008 to March 2009, the media are again the target of alarming measures, some of them being executed in a heavy-handed fashion,” Reporters Without Borders said.”While punishing appeals for hate or violence, President Andry Rajoelina must guarantee the free expression of opinions as well as complete and neutral coverage of demonstrations,” Reporters Without Borders added. “We are disturbed by the course of events. The current political and institutional instability does not justify the return of censorship.”Public media censoredThe High Authority for Transition established by Rajoelina in March showed initial signs of goodwill by letting the state-owned media cover opposition activities. Télévision Nationale Malgache (TVM) and Radio Nationale Malgache (RNM) were able to cover demonstrations and invite such leading opposition members as Olivier Rakotovazaha and Constant Raveloson to participate in the Sunday programme “Savaravina” and other programmes.But various sources say that both TVM and RNM were recently ordered to impose a news blackout on the opposition demonstrations in Ambohijatovo and elsewhere.This was denied by TVM interim director Johary Ravaojanahary, who told Reporters Without Borders: “No one is preventing us, here at TVM, from reporting what is happening at Ambohijatovo.” Speaking on condition of anonymity, a TVM journalist took the same position. “I have never, personally, received any ban regarding coverage of opposition demonstrations.”But this was contradicted by another journalist. Also speaking on condition of anonymity, he said: “Effectively there is censorship. Higher instances are putting pressure on the editor in chief to forbid journalists from going to cover the demonstrations.”Radio Mada closed, Télé Mada transmitter dismantledA group of masked soldiers forcibly removed Télé Mada’s transmitter and ordered Radio Mada to close on the night of 19 April. Both of these privately-owned media support former President Ravalomanana.The government accused the two stations of violating broadcasting regulations. The newly-appointed communications minister, Gilbert Raharizatovo, said: “Télé Mada is a pirate station because it does not have a proper broadcast frequency and causes interference to other TV stations. It has not filed a request for an official operating licence with the authorities.”Officials accused Radio Mada of “inciting civil disobedience and undermining the public’s confidence in institutions.” Both presenters and members of the public speaking on the air had “incited listeners to unleash a civil war,” they added.Ravalomanana supporters went to the high court on 20 April in order to hand in a letter to the public prosecutor protesting against the seizure of broadcasting equipment from Radio Mada, Radio Fahazavana and Télé Mada. One person was killed and at least 13 were injured when the police used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse the demonstrators.Communications ministry createdAs he had promised to journalists on 30 March, President Rajoelina has created a communications ministry, a first in Madagascar, where the sector has never had an independent ministry in the past. The new minister, Raharizatovo, is a journalist who worked at RNM and TVM. He was appointed on 17 April.Reporters Without Borders believes one of the ministry’s priorities should be to draft a communications law that clarifies the rules for the media and prevents abuses. The law should also ensure that the public has access to balanced news and information.”The public did not get this when the TV stations that have 80 of the country’s viewers failed to mention the opposition demonstrations at a peak viewing time,” Reporters Without Borders added.Read Reporters Without Borders’ article on the malagasy media published by Slate.fr last 22 March RSF_en to go further Organisation News April 16, 2020 Find out more April 30, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts The 2020 pandemic has challenged press freedom in Africa RSF urges Madagascar to let journalists cover Covid-19 freely News News Madagascar : Sabotage silences TV channel that criticized coronavirus measures
German chocolate producer Herza Schokolade has introduced micro-size chocolate pieces to its product portfolio.The firm said that, in Germany and across Europe, the per capita consumption of chocolate is 8-9kg a year. The firm is now offering its specialities in micro-sizes, which sales director Carsten Braumann said can help keep costs down, as well as meeting current demand from manufacturers.”Industrial manufacturers are showing tremendous interest in micro-size pieces, because they are always on the look-out for ideas for new products that will entice consumers to buy. A further factor is the cost: chocolate is very expensive at the moment. The micro-size pieces enable manufacturers to offer products containing chocolate without unduly increasing the production costs,” he explained.Herza said that as the tiny pieces are widely dispersed, it gives the end-product a chocolatey appearance although less raw material has been used. The firm has invested in special cutting equipment to produce the little square micro-slivers and micro-drops, which come in white, milk or dark chocolate varieties. There is a coated version, which enables the slivers to be used as taste carriers by adding special flavouring components, such as coffee or fruit, to the coating.The chocolate pieces are bake-stable, abrasion-resistant and capable of deep-freezing.