MONTREAL – Quebec’s public transportation systems are the latest target in the ongoing debate in the province over religion and identity.Neither Montreal’s transit authority nor unions representing bus and subway drivers wanted to comment Thursday on speculation that women wearing the Islamic niqab or burqa will be prevented from using public transportation.Justice Minister Stephanie Vallee hasn’t been able to answer the question clearly either.The debate surfaced after Vallee on Tuesday tabled amendments to Bill 62, legislation that sets guidelines for accommodating religious requests in Quebec.Vallee’s bill attempts to enshrine into law the policy that all people giving or receiving a service from the state must do so with their face uncovered.“As soon as there is an interaction between the state in the citizen, the service has to be offered and received with an uncovered face,” she has said about her law, first tabled in 2015.Tuesday’s amendments included language explicitly stating municipalities and public transportation systems would be subject to the proposed accommodation law.Vallee has since been accused of being coy regarding the details of the amendments and how they would be enforced.The justice minister was asked repeatedly during radio interviews this week whether a bus driver could reject a woman wearing the Islamic burqa or niqab from walking onto a bus.She wasn’t able to give a clear answer.“The objective of the bill is not to prevent people from taking the bus,” Vallee said, without responding to the questions directly.Montreal Mayor Denis Coderre has come out against the amendments, saying the provincial government doesn’t have the right to tell the city how its employees should dress.He also raised concerns about whether women wearing Islamic face coverings would be able to ride public transit.Montreal’s transit authority said it was “premature” to discuss the government’s bill and the agency would consult with the city on the issue.The union representing many municipal bus drivers across Quebec also didn’t want to comment, saying it would likely be ready to talk about the bill in September.Political Science professor Bruce Hicks of Concordia University suggested in an interview the Quebec Liberals could be purposefully trying to “stir things up” in order to distract the opposition in the leadup to the 2018 election.“They are clearly stirring the pot,” said Hicks, who is also a visiting fellow at York University. “The fact (Vallee) has been ambiguous suggests that maybe they are just throwing it out there to get people talking about it.”Hicks pointed to the fact Vallee tabled the bill in 2015 and said if passing the legislation was a priority the government could have done so much sooner.He said the Liberals have a political incentive to make the opposition look like they are intolerant against Muslims or obsessed with identity issues.Hicks said having a big societal debate on religious accommodation and systemic racism this year might “exhaust the conversation” by the next election, scheduled for fall 2018.“It takes the wind out of the sails of opposition parties,” he said.Haroun Bouazzi, the head of a well-known Muslim organization in Quebec, didn’t care to opine on what he thought was the government’s strategy.He said the Liberals could have closed this issue years ago by passing a law on religious accommodation.“It seems a bit improvised,” he said. “It seems as though they don’t recognize the consequences of what they are proposing.”
Newcastle boss Rafael Benitez says that having non-Lionel Messi like players means that he’s had to rotate a lot recently to give the team a physical edgeFollowing a run of just one win in their last six Premier League games, Newcastle find themselves down in 15th-place in the standings in their second season back in the English top-flight.This has led to even more pressure going Benitez’s way with critics hitting out against his management after Newcastle’s 4-0 defeat at Liverpool on Boxing Day.Matters failed to improve for the Spaniard on Saturday when Newcastle were held to a 1-1 draw at home to second division side Blackburn Rovers in the FA Cup third round.For the game, Benitez made eight changes to the line-up that had lost 2-0 to Manchester United three days beforehand.Jose Mourinho is sold on Lampard succeeding at Chelsea Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 14, 2019 Jose Mourinho wanted to give his two cents on Frank Lampard’s odds as the new Chelsea FC manager, he thinks he will succeed.There really…But the 58-year-old defended his approach by explaining how fatigue means none of his players would be able to perform at their best during this congested run of fixtures.“If you had Lionel Messi – OK, he would have to be there no matter what because he can make the difference,” Benitez told the Chronicle.“But, if you don’t have players like Messi or players of a similar level, you need players who can give you something physically in a third game in a row in a short period of time.”The Magpies will next travel to Stamford Bridge to take on Benitez’s old club Chelsea on Saturday in the Premier League.
Ibn Sina was a Persian scientist and philosopher, who as part of his observations, traveled a lot and wrote about what he saw, along with his interpretations of subjects ranging from medicine to astronomy. It was one of those texts, called Kitab al-Shifa, about physics, meteorology, and especially astronomy that caught the attention of the researchers—most particularly a section that described a bright object appearing in the sky in the year 1006. The section had been studied before, but the account had been attributed to a discussion of a comet. In this latest look, the researchers suggest that the description was actually that of SN 1006. In addition to the timing, the detailed description, they note, sounds more like the sudden appearance of an exploding star. In their translation, Sina describes an object that was very bright and that changed color over time before fading away—even noting at one point that the object threw out sparks.SN 1006 was noted and described by others around the world, from places as far-flung as Morocco, Japan, Yemen and China, but none of those descriptions included information about the object changing colors. Sina wrote that the object started out as faint greenish-yellow, that it twinkled a lot, especially at its brightest, and that it became whitish before it disappeared altogether.Most modern astronomers believe that SN 1006 was not just a Ia supernova (which occur when a white dwarf is pulled into another star causing it to blow up due to the overabundance of matter), but that it was the result of two white dwarfs colliding. This new information from an ancient part-time astronomer, the researchers suggest, may help to better understand an event that occurred over a thousand years ago. © 2016 Phys.org Explore further Journal information: arXiv New study suggests long ago brightest star explosion was rapid type Ia supernova The Arabic text from the report of SN 1006 of Ibn Sina in al-Shifa from the Arabic edition by Madkur et al. (1965), page 73. The relevant text starts in the middle of the second line from the top and ends almost at the (leftmost) end of the 3rd-to-last line from the bottom of the main text. The writing in the left margin is the Arabic line number 15. The 4th line (line 14) reads (starting from the right) for the 2nd to 4th word kawkab min al-kawakib , i.e. a star among the stars, and at the end of that line it specifies the year (the leftmost word is hijra). The lines at the bottom indicate variant readings in different manuscripts, none of which change the content and meaning of the relevant text about the new star: the words for long and hijra are missing in one or two manuscripts. Credit: arXiv:1604.03798 [astro-ph.SR] (Phys.org)—A trio of German researches has uncovered evidence of the Arabic scholar Ibn Sina’s sighting of supernova 1006 (SN 1006). The new evidence will sit alongside that of others around that globe that reported details of what has been described as the brightest stellar event ever recorded by human beings. In their paper uploaded to the preprint server arXiv, Ralph Neuhaeuser, Carl Ehrig-Eggert and Paul Kunitzsch describe the text under study, their translation of it and the relevance of the information recorded by the ancient skygazer. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Examination of ancient text reveals details of Ibn Sina’s sighting of supernova (2016, April 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-04-ancient-text-reveals-ibn-sina.html More information: An Arabic report about supernova SN 1006 by Ibn Sina (Avicenna) arXiv:1604.03798 [astro-ph.SR] arxiv.org/abs/1604.03798v1AbstractWe present here an Arabic report about supernova 1006 (SN 1006) written by the famous Arabic scholar Ibn Sina (Lat. Avicenna, AD 980-1037), which was not discussed in astronomical literature before. The short observational report about a new star is part of Ibn Sina’s book called al-Shifa’, a work about philosophy including physics, astronomy, and meteorology. We present the Arabic text and our English translation. After a detailed discussion of the dating of the observation, we show that the text specifies that the transient celestial object was stationary and/or tail-less (“a star among the stars”), that it “remained for close to three months getting fainter and fainter until it disappeared”, that it “threw out sparks”, i.e. it was scintillating and very bright, and that the color changed with time. The information content is consistent with the other Arabic and non-Arabic reports about SN 1006. Hence, it is quite clear that Ibn Sina refers to SN 1006 in his report, given as an example for transient celestial objects in a discussion of Aristotle’s “Meteorology”. Given the wording and the description, e.g. for the color evolution, this report is independent from other reports known so far.